Antibiotics are chemical substances that are secreted by living things. Doctors prescribed these medicines to cure many diseases. During World War II, it treated one of the biggest killers during wartime - infected wounds. It was the beginning of the antibiotic era. But just when antibiotics were being mass produced, bacteria started to evolve and became resistant to these medicines.
Antibiotic resistance can be the result of different things. One cause of resistance could be drug abuse. There are people who believe that when they get sick, antibiotics are the answer. The more times you use a drug, the more it will decrease the effect it has on you.
That is because the bacteria has found a way to avoid the effects of that antibiotic. Another cause of resistance is the improper use of drugs. When patients feel that the symptoms of their disease have improved, they often stop taking the drug.
Just because the symptoms have disappeared it does not mean the disease has gone away. Prescribed drugs should be taken until all the medicine is gone so the disease is completely finished. If it is not, then this will just give the bacteria some time to find a way to avoid the effects of the drug. One antibiotic that will always have a long lasting effect in history is penicillin.
This was the first antibiotic ever to be discovered. Alexander Fleming was the person responsible for the discovery in In his laboratory, he noticed that in some of his bacteria colonies, that he was growing, were some clear spots. He realized that something had killed the bacteria in these clear spots, which ended up to be a fungus growth. He then discovered that inside this mold was a substance that killed bacteria. It was the antibiotic, penicillin. Penicillin became the most powerful germ-killer known at that time.
Antibiotics kill disease-causing bacteria by interfering with their processes. What is antibacterial resistance? This occurs when an antibiotic can no longer control or kill bacterial growth effectively. In other words, the bacteria develop a mechanism not to respond to the drug and continue multiplying despite the presence of healing levels of the recommended antibiotic. Antibiotic resistance is one of the major challenges facing medics and pharmacists as the trend continues to escalate among the world population.
In this essay, we explain the concept of antibiotic resistance, including global facts and trends, causes, and possible control measures. According to the World Health Organization, WHO, antibiotic resistance is a threat to the health of people in the world as it affects effective prevention and treatment of infections, caused by microorganisms like bacteria, fungi, parasites, and viruses.
Because of the magnitude of this problem, it requires the attention and efforts of every government through action-oriented measures. In addressing the issue of antibiotic resistance, it is worth noting that the problem cuts across the whole world and no single country is safe even though the levels of this kind of resistance may vary from nation to nation because of different factors.
When new resistance mechanisms emerge, they quickly spread to the rest of the world, making it a global problem. By the year , there were about , new of multidrug-resistant TB, and Extensively drug-resistance TB has been identified in 92 countries of the world.
Patients who develop MDR TB always require extensive and prolonged treatment as compared to those who do not have any resistance towards TB drugs.
Resistance against anti-malaria drugs is highly prevalent across the globe especially in countries that are malaria stricken. This has forced the adoption of new drugs, different from what the past generation used to deal with scourge. Unknown to most people in the world, antibiotic resistance occurs naturally. Normally, when an antibiotic is applied on bacteria, there are those that resist its effects and survive while others are highly susceptible and either die or their action inhibited.
Importantly, not all antibiotic resistance cases are induced by human beings.
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A. General problem of antibiotic resistance to medicine. 1. Statistics. Antibiotics are chemical substances utilize to prevent and treat infections caused by microorganisms, .
The phenomenon of antibiotic resistance, only now in the world spotlight, has been present since the beginning of time. The increase in antibiotic resistance can be attributed to sociological, ecological, and genetic factors. These include overuse, random mutation, horizontal gene transfer, and selective pressure/5(11). Antibiotics use to be the talk of the medical world just fifty years go, now the talk is about trying to find a better antibiotic than the ones they came up with less than a five decades ago. Antibiotic Resistance has taking the world by storm.
Jul 30, · (WHO), antibiotic resistance is one of the world’s greatest health threats to date (Haddox, ). In the article, The Health Threat of Antibiotic Resistance, Gail Haddox () discusses the danger antibiotic resistance poses in today’s society and strategies to prevent the expansion of antibiotic resistance. Essay on Micro-Organisms and Antibiotic Resistance. suffering is the antibiotic resistance between microorganisms. Antibiotics are medicines used to kill or slow down the growth of bacteria that causes infectious diseases (Department of Health, ).