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How to Write a Summary of an Article

When Should You Summarize an Article?

❶This is only a sample, to get your own paper you need to: Make a basic list before you do your rough draft.

What Needs to Be Included in a Summary of an Article?

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Article Critique Example

Analyze the arguments that you have gathered. Think through each perspective logically, looking for strengths and weaknesses.

Form your own opinions about the topic. Write one concise sentence, or thesis statement, that summarizes your thinking. This sentence should state the point of the essay. Keep in mind that, although the thesis statement is written first, it should be revisited at the end of the writing process to make any necessary changes. Compose at least three main points that back up your thesis.

These points will eventually become topic sentences and will begin each supporting paragraph in your essay. Find at least one quote that backs up each point that you have. The quote might be one you found in your research or it could be from the article itself.

Be sure to write down the source of each quote so that you can reference it in the essay. Write an introduction to the essay.

Include relevant information about the article that came up in your research. Lead into the thesis statement, which is usually the last sentence of the paragraph. Use the topic sentences you created to form three supporting paragraphs. Whenever possible, eliminate "there is" and "it is" from your essay or article.

Replace the pronoun with a noun and the intransitive verb "to be" with an action verb. Read as many essays as possible to understand how to write them. See how the topic has been introduced, developed, and then concluded.

Look at how the information has been organized and presented. But when writing your essay, be yourself. If you must, then properly site them as a source. Write a draft of your essay or article first, focusing only on your ideas. Then re-write giving proper structure. During proofreading for spellings, read your document backwards. You are more likely to come across spelling errors when words are looked at, outside the context of a sentence.

Draw your readers into your article by including people and their experiences. Let the people tell your readers about the topic of your article. If your article is about publishing, get some publishers to talk about their business. An essential element of a good article is its format. Create several areas of short breaks by keeping your paragraphs short and simple.

The more paragraph breaks, the more inviting your article is. Check your facts before writing an article, and back your arguments with solid evidence. In the introduction of your summary, mention the full title of the article and the author's full name. You do not need to mention the date of publication or the journal, book, newspaper, or magazine you found the article in.

This information will need to be included on your "References" or "Works Cited" page, however. Only include publication dates and sources if they are applicable to your paper. For instance, if one author wrote an article making one claim but wrote a second article refuting his earlier claims several years later, mention that one article came several years after the other.

Include the topic and thesis in the introduction, as well. Within the first paragraph of your summary, you should also mention the topic of the original article and the author's thesis or hypothesis.

Make the connection between the article and your essay apparent. For example, if your essay is about a certain health condition and you summarize an article about a certain medication used to treat that condition, make sure that the reader knows that the medication in question is connected to the condition your paper is about.

Review your notes and rewrite any supporting details in the paragraphs to follow. Mention all main points and any supporting details that are essential in understanding those points.

Only write information that is absolutely crucial in developing an understanding of the article's contents. In your summary's conclusion, restate the conclusion drawn by the author of the original article.

Note that these conclusions can include results, analysis of research or ideas, and calls to action. Use author tags as you write. As you write your summary, continually restate the fact that the information you write comes from another source. For example, include phrases like "Smith believes," "Smith finds that," and "Smith expresses disbelief about. A summary should be written in your own words. As a result, you should use direct quotations only when the information cannot be meaningfully rephrased in any other way.

Check the summary against the article. The summary should be short, complete, true, and unbiased. The text of your summary should be at least one-quarter the length of the original article, if not shorter. Refer to the parameters of your assignment for further guidelines.

The summary must include all of the major ideas included in the article without repeating exact phrases. The summary should accurately portray the thoughts and assertions portrayed in the original article. The summary should not include your own analysis or opinion of the original article.

If you do decide to analyze the article's findings, do so in another part of your essay. State the purpose of the experiment or research study. This is, in essence, the "topic" of the article. Explain what the research was about and why the researcher felt inclined to research it. Indicate if or how the researcher's purpose meshes with the purpose of your own essay as you introduce the article.

Briefly mention the authority of those performing the research to lend validity to the summary and the article. Explain the researcher's hypothesis. In the introduction of your summary, mention what the researcher expected to find by the end of his or her research. Do not hint around about whether the hypothesis was correct.

Describe the method used to find the results. Mention who the subjects were. Describe the design of the experiment. This includes the timeline for the experiment, how subjects were split up, and what distinguished the experimental group from the control group. Also describe the tasks or actions subjects needed to take during the duration of the experiment.

After describing the method used, state what the results of the experiment were. Include percentages and rates if applicable. Mention any irregularities in the results. Explain how the researcher analyzes those results.


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One common type of essay is an article analysis essay. Its purpose is to evaluate the ideas or arguments presented in the article. Usually these essays are comprised of an introduction, at least three supporting paragraphs and a conclusion.

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Planned and organized writing is good writing. Back to Top - Plan your essay. Prepare your ideas before writing an essay. Build an outline with these ideas, and then write your essay based on this outline. .

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Sep 06,  · How to Write a Summary of an Article. Updated on August 15, Virginia Kearney. more. In writing your summary, you need to clearly state the name of the author and the name of the article, essay, book, or other source. The sentence below is a great example of how to do cwmetr.gqs: How To Write An Article Review. An article review essay is a critical analysis or evaluation of literature in a given field through making summary of the article in question, comparison or classification. In case it is a scientific article being reviewed, the writer will be required to use database searches to retrieve the results of the search.

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Jun 10,  · If you need to summarize an article for your next essay, here's what you should MESSAGES; LOG IN. Log in. Edit Article How to Summarize an Article. As you read the article for thoroughness, write down any significant facts or interesting details in your own words%(29). Write My Essay Admission Essay Writing; Reviews FAQ About us About EssayPro; Essay Writer; College Essay Help; Buy an Essay How to Write an Article Review How to Write an Article Review. Sep 07, Types of Academic Writing. An Article Review is a critical, constructive evaluation of literature in a particular field through summary.