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❶Therefore, learners should be sure that they review sample theses for the correct level of study so that they use the correct format.

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Professors may decide to read these thesis reports as the students create them or they may require the students to submit the reports at the end of the semester. The professor can gain insight into the discoveries that students make during the thesis researching and writing process and learn about surprises and struggles that the students may have had. W hen students try to find examples of a thesis, they may have several different starting places.

There is a difference between a thesis that a student may need to write for a high school program and a thesis that a student may need to write for a graduate program. When students look for examples of a thesis for a high school program, students may be able to access previously-written reports from the school's library. Many high schools will archive students' thesis papers so that they can provide examples of theses for future students.

These high school thesis papers should only be used as an example of a thesis for high school programs and not for higher-level educational programs. There are many Web sites devoted to collecting and disseminating examples of a project that students may use for their own personal needs. Many undergraduate students look for examples of a thesis paper for a variety of different reasons. Some students want to review the formatting. Other students may wish to know what kind of expectations there are for an undergraduate-level thesis.

Some students may also want to use examples of a thesis for their own documents, especially for research or as the basis of a thesis. A graduate thesis is usually the last document that a learner will write in order to complete a masters degree program. They can be quite lengthy, and students must "defend" them in order to receive their degrees. Therefore, the examples of a thesis paper for a graduate degree program are generally very lengthy and in-depth and may not have the same elements of a thesis for a lower-level academic program.

A thesis is a normal academic assignment for students in all grade levels and in all courses of study. There are many reasons that a professor might require learners to write thesis papers. However, most students will write thesis papers so that they can have the opportunity to research and write about a particular subject in depth.

Because a thesis paper is a very involved project that often takes students months to research and complete, learners should be sure that they know what they're doing throughout the process.

Such expositions are also very different than many other forms of writing because they're generally intended to culminate a semester or an academic career. Therefore, by reviewing a sample thesis, learners should have a better idea of what content should be included in the thesis paper, how long it should be, what it should look like, and how the student should write it.

There are many different types of reports, though. For example, high school students may have to create a thesis as part of their junior year program. Undergraduate students may have to create a thesis for a particular course. Graduate students may have to create a document in order to graduate from the entire masters program. Therefore, learners should be sure that they review sample theses for the correct level of study so that they use the correct format.

While all thesis papers may differ in terms of the length and level of study for which they were completed, the format and purpose are generally the same.

By reviewing sample theses, learners will be able to see what the format should be. An example report should always include a cover page, introductory paragraph, body, conclusion, references, and appendix. In some cases, a professor may require that the student also includes an abstract and methodology, which may also be included in some sample theses documents that students review.

In order to find the right sample thesis documents, students may want to consult with a professor or a writing center. They need to be aware that sample theses aren't the same for all grade levels.

For example, a graduate thesis may be several hundred pages and could include pioneering research into the student's field of study.

A high school thesis may be a dozen pages and may reiterate some facts that the student uncovered during research. W hen students are required to complete a thesis, it can often be helpful to have a thesis sample to use as a reference. Theses samples can not only help learners to understand the structure of an argument, but they can also help learners to understand the kind of content that students need to include in their theses.

Some students may also wish to use a thesis sample as a basis for their own theses, if the topics are the same. Thanks to the Internet, there are plenty of resources that students can turn to when looking for a thesis sample.

There are thousands of theses published online that students can use as a reference point. However, when looking for thesis samples online, students need to be sure that they find credible, well-written documents.

In order to ensure that thesis samples are accurate and well-written, students need to analyze the source of the sample. If the source is a university Web site, then chances are good that a professor has reviewed the sample before allowing it to be published. There are many writing instruction Web sites that might also include thesis samples that students can refer to for help.

Students should always make sure that a writing Web site is credible and has a track record for providing honest information by looking for reviews of the site online. When students review a thesis sample, the student may wish to use the sample to learn more about the structure.

Students who are unfamiliar with thesis writing might also want to look over several thesis samples so that they can get a clear idea of what information they should include in a thesis and what kind of style the document should have.

A thesis sample is a representation of a very specific type of academic writing. Theses are long format, academic works that often serve as the culminating project for a graduate program or a course. Reports and papers are usually more casual writing assignments that a student may receive many times over the course of a semester.

Most students only produce one thesis for an entire course or an entire academic program. A thesis sample isn't a paper or essay sample, so students need to be careful about the academic work that they're looking at when they look for samples.

A sample thesis paper is a model of an undergraduate or graduate thesis—a long and original document composed by students as one of the culminating requirements of their degrees. Undergraduate theses are completed by college seniors; graduate theses are composed by master's and sometimes doctoral students in the final phases of their studies.

Sample thesis papers are provided by these students' institutions so that students are aware of the structural, stylistic, and content components of thesis texts. Often, sample thesis papers are finished theses by former students. Therefore, an example report should never be considered a template, but rather a reference source and a guideline. Furthermore, because sample thesis papers are usually completed texts, they will not come with annotations that comment on how the sample thesis paper is fulfilling the project requirements.

Therefore, learners should examine sample thesis papers with a copy of their institutions' thesis requirements in hand and make these annotations themselves.

Students should examine a sample thesis paper for its structural, stylistic, formatting, and content components. The structure of a text refers to its organization. Often, university departments set forth particular structural dictates regarding the organization of theses. Students should examine the various sample thesis papers provided by their departments to determine how each sample follows these dictates.

The stylistic component of a thesis refers to its writing and citation style. This, too, is often dictated by a student's department. Often, students are already familiar with the writing and citation style preferred by their department, but they may not be aware of how that particular writing and citation style must be adapted to fit the needs of final, publishable texts such as theses. Therefore, they should pay close attention to the ways in which the writing and citation style of the sample thesis paper differs from that of regular thesis paper composition.

All departments and institutions have strict requirements about the formatting of theses. Format refers to the arrangement and appearance of the text, and includes such elements as font, margins, and spacing. All sample thesis papers from the same department should have the same formatting; therefore, learners can typically assess formatting dictates by looking at only one sample. Finally, learners should examine a sample thesis paper to determine how it presents content, defends its claims, and articulates its ideas.

All of these are aspects of the content of the thesis—the most important elements of any investigation-based text. A model thesis will present a clear, interesting, and original idea and address every aspect of that idea from a thorough, scholarly perspective. T here are two types of writing that use the name "thesis. This type of thesis is also commonly known as a "thesis statement. This type of thesis is known as a "senior thesis" when it's composed by an undergraduate senior, and as a "master's thesis" or "doctoral thesis" when composed by a master's or doctorate student.

Though drastically different, these two types of writing are both very challenging in their own ways, and often require learners to seek various types of assistance, or thesis support. Luckily, thesis support is readily available from a variety of individuals, institutions, and organizations. Sometimes, students are hesitant to enlist the help of others when they're struggling with their writing, fearing that by following others' advice they may be inadvertently plagiarizing. Students should know that unless they're taking others' ideas and representing them as their own, they aren't plagiarizing, and that seeking thesis support or other writing help from outside sources is perfectly fine so long as the source of support isn't writing the student's thesis for him.

Thesis support is defined as professional assistance with various aspects of thesis writing; it's not defined by a professional writer completing a thesis for a student. One of the best sources of thesis support is a student's professor. Because professors assign the reports for which students must write theses, they're often intimately aware not only of the subject on which the student is writing, but also of the conventions of writing in the particular discipline in which the thesis paper is being composed.

It is good practice to seek thesis approval before beginning a draft. This simply means contacting the professor to ask for feedback on the preliminary thesis. University writing centers are also excellent source of thesis support. Writing centers are staffed by graduate students and other advanced writers who have studied and excelled in various aspects of writing. Thesis support is also available online.

There are a variety of writing assistance services that, for a fee, will tutor students individually via email or electronic chat. These services aim to provide one-on-one, tailored guidance on thesis writing, and are typically staffed to provide assistance with thesis writing at all academic levels. A student thesis is a work that a student creates as part of a high school, undergraduate, or graduate school program.

Student theses are long, academic documents that learners write after they research a particular subject in depth.

Therefore, student theses are usually assigned once per course, per semester, or only once as part of an academic program. There are many different ways in which a professor or academic program will use student theses assignments. Therefore, students may have to write theses for different reasons, depending on their level of study and academic institution. For example, a high school student may have to complete a year-end student thesis as part of an overall high school program. A junior thesis is a good example of this sort of assignment.

An undergraduate student thesis might be a large assignment that a student has to create as part of an academic course. In such a case, the undergraduate student thesis might be similar to a dissertation.

This paper would usually account for the majority of a semester grade. A graduate student thesis has its own definition and set of requirements. This thesis requires a huge amount of research and may even be ground-breaking for a particular industry.

Students will then have to defend their student theses in front of a panel of judges that are familiar with the subject matter. This sort of graduate thesis is also often called a graduate school reference project. While there are many definitions and uses for student theses, the basic writing elements are the same. Therefore, learners should always research a particular subject and write the academic document with an introduction, body, conclusion, resources, and appendices.

Students may be given thesis templates by their professors, if there professors have certain sections that professors want students to include, such as acknowledgements, references, and appendixes. However, if a professor doesn't give students a thesis template to follow, then students should follow a standard and universal template. The term "thesis" may refer to a variety of different types of academic documents.

In any thesis document, the student should begin with a cover page, which includes the student's name, the title, the date , and the advisor's name. Different style guides will require different things to be included on the cover page. Therefore, learners should always refer to a style guide for more direction. Next, most thesis templates require that students include a table of contents, acknowledgements, and an abstract as the first part.

The body of the document template should also include separate sections and paragraphs that each contain specific information about the topic. The body of the paragraph should support the thesis statement and work towards the conclusion. The conclusion of the thesis is the last part of the body and pulls together all of the information and ideas. Most thesis templates also include a section for the references, footnotes, and appendixes.

These sections should appear after the body. First, to obtain the status of doctoral candidates, graduate students typically write a qualifying examination or comprehensive examination, which often includes an oral defense. Students who pass the qualifying examination are deemed capable of completing scholarly work independently and are allowed to proceed with working on a dissertation.

Second, since the thesis supervisor and the other members of the advisory committee will normally have reviewed the thesis extensively before recommending the student proceed to the defense, such an outcome would be regarded as a major failure not only on the part of the candidate but also by the candidate's supervisor who should have recognized the substandard quality of the dissertation long before the defense was allowed to take place.

It is also fairly rare for a thesis to be accepted without any revisions; the most common outcome of a defense is for the examiners to specify minor revisions which the candidate typically completes in a few days or weeks. At universities on the British pattern it is not uncommon for theses at the viva stage to be subject to major revisions in which a substantial rewrite is required, sometimes followed by a new viva.

Very rarely, the thesis may be awarded the lesser degree of M. Phil Master of Philosophy instead, preventing the candidate from resubmitting the thesis. In Australia, doctoral theses are usually examined by three examiners although some, like the Australian Catholic University and the University of New South Wales , have shifted to using only two examiners; without a live defense except in extremely rare exceptions.

In the case of a master's degree by research the thesis is usually examined by only two examiners. Typically one of these examiners will be from within the candidate's own department; the other s will usually be from other universities and often from overseas.

Following submission of the thesis, copies are sent by mail to examiners and then reports sent back to the institution. Similar to a master's degree by research thesis, a thesis for the research component of a master's degree by coursework is also usually examined by two examiners, one from the candidate's department and one from another university.

For an Honours year, which is a fourth year in addition to the usual three-year bachelor's degree, the thesis is also examined by two examiners, though both are usually from the candidate's own department.

Honours and Master's theses sometimes require an oral defense before they are accepted. In Germany, a thesis is usually examined with an oral examination. This applies to almost all Diplom , Magister , master's and doctoral degrees as well as to most bachelor's degrees. However, a process that allows for revisions of the thesis is usually only implemented for doctoral degrees. There are several different kinds of oral examinations used in practice.

The Disputation , also called Verteidigung "defense" , is usually public at least to members of the university and is focused on the topic of the thesis. In contrast, the Rigorosum is not held in public and also encompasses fields in addition to the topic of the thesis. The Rigorosum is only common for doctoral degrees.

Another term for an oral examination is Kolloquium , which generally refers to a usually public scientific discussion and is often used synonymously with Verteidigung.

In each case, what exactly is expected differs between universities and between faculties. Some universities also demand a combination of several of these forms. Like the British model, the PHD or MPhil student is required to submit their theses or dissertation for examination by two or three examiners. The first examiner is from the university concerned, the second examiner is from another local university and the third examiner is from a suitable foreign university usually from Commonwealth countries.

The choice of examiners must be approved by the university senate. In some public universities, a PhD or MPhil candidate may also have to show a number publications in peer reviewed academic journals as part of the requirement.

An oral viva is conducted after the examiners have submitted their reports to the university. The oral viva session is attended by the Oral Viva chairman, a rapporteur with a PhD qualification, the first examiner, the second examiner and sometimes the third examiner.

Branch campuses of British, Australian and Middle East universities in Malaysia use the respective models of the home campuses to examine their PhD or MPhil candidates. In the Philippines, a thesis is followed by an oral defense. In most universities, this applies to all bachelor, master, and doctorate degrees. However, the oral defense is held in once per semester usually in the middle or by the end with a presentation of revisions so-called "plenary presentation" at the end of each semester.

The oral defense is typically not held in public for bachelor and master oral defenses, however a colloquium is held for doctorate degrees. Typical duration for the total exam is 1 hour 30 minutes for the MSc and 3 hours for the PhD. In North America, the thesis defense or oral defense is the final examination for doctoral candidates, and sometimes for master's candidates. The examining committee normally consists of the thesis committee, usually a given number of professors mainly from the student's university plus his or her primary supervisor, an external examiner someone not otherwise connected to the university , and a chair person.

Each committee member will have been given a completed copy of the dissertation prior to the defense, and will come prepared to ask questions about the thesis itself and the subject matter.

In many schools, master's thesis defenses are restricted to the examinee and the examiners, but doctoral defenses are open to the public.

The typical format will see the candidate giving a short 20—minute presentation of his or her research, followed by one to two hours of questions. A student in Ukraine or Russia has to complete a thesis and then defend it in front of their department. Sometimes the defense meeting is made up of the learning institute's professionals and sometimes the students peers are allowed to view or join in.

After the presentation and defense of the thesis, the final conclusion of the department should be that none of them have reservations on the content and quality of the thesis.

A conclusion on the thesis has to be approved by the rector of the educational institute. The Diploma de estudios avanzados DEA can last two years and candidates must complete coursework and demonstrate their ability to research the specific topics they have studied. After completing this part of the PhD, students begin a dissertation on a set topic. The dissertation must reach a minimum length depending on the subject and it is valued more highly if it contains field research.

Once candidates have finished their written dissertations, they must present them before a committee. Following this presentation, the examiners will ask questions. In Hong Kong, Ireland and the United Kingdom, the thesis defense is called a viva voce Latin for "by live voice" examination viva for short. A typical viva lasts for approximately 3 hours, though there is no formal time limit.

Usually, one examiner is an academic from the candidate's own university department but not one of the candidate's supervisors and the other is an external examiner from a different university.

Increasingly, the examination may involve a third academic, the 'chair'; this person, from the candidate's institution, acts as an impartial observer with oversight of the examination process to ensure that the examination is fair. The 'chair' does not ask academic questions of the candidate. In the United Kingdom, there are only two or at most three examiners, and in many universities the examination is held in private.

The candidate's primary supervisor is not permitted to ask or answer questions during the viva, and their presence is not necessary. However, some universities permit members of the faculty or the university to attend. At the University of Oxford, for instance, any member of the University may attend a DPhil viva the University's regulations require that details of the examination and its time and place be published formally in advance provided he or she attends in full academic dress.

A submission of the thesis is the last formal requirement for most students after the defense. By the final deadline , the student must submit a complete copy of the thesis to the appropriate body within the accepting institution, along with the appropriate forms, bearing the signatures of the primary supervisor, the examiners, and, in some cases, the head of the student's department.

Other required forms may include library authorizations giving the university library permission to make the thesis available as part of its collection and copyright permissions in the event that the student has incorporated copyrighted materials in the thesis.

Many large scientific publishing houses e. Failure to submit the thesis by the deadline may result in graduation and granting of the degree being delayed. Once all the paperwork is in order, copies of the thesis may be made available in one or more university libraries.

Specialist abstracting services exist to publicize the content of these beyond the institutions in which they are produced. Many institutions now insist on submission of digitized as well as printed copies of theses; the digitized versions of successful theses are often made available online.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This is the latest accepted revision , reviewed on 12 September For other uses, see Thesis disambiguation. For the novel, see The Dissertation. This section's factual accuracy is disputed. Relevant discussion may be found on Talk: Please help to ensure that disputed statements are reliably sourced.

February Learn how and when to remove this template message. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources.

The first style uses a list of two or more points. This style of thesis is perfect for a brief essay that contains only two or three body paragraphs. This basic five-paragraph essay is typical of middle and high school assignments. In the above persuasive thesis, you can see my opinion about Narnia followed by three clear reasons.

This thesis is perfect for setting up a tidy five-paragraph essay. In college, five paragraph essays become few and far between as essay length gets longer. Can you imagine having only five paragraphs in a six-page paper? For a longer essay, you need a thesis statement that is more versatile. Instead of listing two or three distinct points, a thesis can list one overarching point that all body paragraphs tie into.

In this thesis, I have made a claim about the theme in Narnia followed by my reasoning. I am no longer limited in how many body paragraphs I can logically use. One thing I find that is helpful for students is having a clear template. While students rarely end up with a thesis that follows this exact wording, the following template creates a good starting point: Conversely, the formula for a thesis with only one point might follow this template: When composing a thesis, you must consider not only the format, but other qualities like length, position in the essay, and how strong the argument is.

A thesis statement can be short or long, depending on how many points it mentions. Typically, however, it is only one concise sentence. It does contain at least two clauses, usually an independent clause the opinion and a dependent clause the reasons.

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A thesis or dissertation is a document submitted in support of candidature for an academic degree or professional qualification presenting the author's research and findings.

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Your introduction should set the stage for the conclusions of the paper by laying out the ideas that you will test in the paper. Now that you know where the paper is leading, you will probably need to rewrite the introduction. You must write your abstract last.

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What Is a Thesis Paper? Unlike homework assignments back in high school that you used to be able to throw together the night before they were due, a college thesis requires extensive planning, research and a level of writing that will demonstrate to your professors that you're passionate about your subject matter. A thesis statement: tells the reader how you will interpret the significance of the subject matter under discussion. is a road map for the paper; in other words, it tells the reader what to expect from the rest of the paper. directly answers the question asked of you. A thesis is an interpretation of a question or subject, not the subject itself.

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Thesis (plural: theses, pronounced THEES-eez): The point that an essay is trying to prove. Also known as the claim or argument. Everything in a persuasive essay relates to the thesis, either as evidence, explanation, elaboration or rebuttal of alternative claims. Think of the thesis as the spine of your paper. AN ABSTRACT OF THE DISSERTATION OF NAME OF STUDENT, for the Doctor of Philosophy degree in MAJOR FIELD, presented on DATE OF DEFENSE, at Southern Illinois University Car-.