The length of the introduction will vary depending on the type of research paper you are writing. An introduction should announce your topic, provide context and a rationale for your work, before stating your research questions and hypothesis.
Well-written introductions set the tone for the paper, catch the reader's interest, and communicate the hypothesis or thesis statement. Announce your research topic. You can start your introduction with a few sentences which announce the topic of your paper and give an indication of the kind of research questions you will be asking. This is a good way to introduce your readers to your topic and pique their interest.
In scientific papers this is sometimes known as an "inverted triangle", where you start with the broadest material at the start, before zooming in on the specifics. It provides the reader with an indication of the content of the essay and encourages them to read on.
Consider referring to key words. When you write a research paper for publication you will be required to submit it along with a series of key words which give a quick indication of the areas of research you are addressing. You may also have certain key words in your title which you want to establish and emphasise in your introduction. Define any key terms or concepts. It may be necessary for you to clarify any key terms or concepts early on in your introduction.
You need to express yourself clearly throughout your paper so if you leave an unfamiliar term or concept unexplained you risk your readers not having a clear understanding of your argument.
Introduce the topic through an anecdote or quotation. If you are writing a humanities or social science essay you can find more literary ways to begin your introduction and announce the topic of your paper.
It is common for humanities essays in particular to begin with an illustrative anecdote or quotation that points to the topic of the research. This is a variation of the "inverted triangle" technique and can generate interest in your paper in a more imaginative way and demonstrate an engaging writing style.
If you use an anecdote ensure that is short and highly relevant for your research. It has to function in the same way as an alternative opening, namely to announce the topic of your research paper to your reader. For example, if you were writing a sociology paper about re-offending rates among young offenders, you could include a brief story of one person whose story reflects and introduces your topic.
This kind of approach is generally not appropriate for the introduction to a natural or physical sciences research paper where the writing conventions are different.
Include a brief literature review. Depending on the overall length of your paper, it will be necessary to include a review of the existing literature already published in the field. This is an important element of your paper which demonstrates that you have a strong knowledge and understanding of the debates and scholarship in your area.
You should aim to indicate that you have a broad knowledge, but that you are engaging in the specific debates most relevant to your own research. It is important to be concise in the introduction, so provide an overview on recent developments in the primary research rather than a lengthy discussion.
A strong literature review presents important background information to your own research and indicates the importance of the field. Use the literature to focus in on your contribution. A concise but comprehensive literature review can be a very effective way to frame your own research paper.
As you develop your introduction, you can move from the literature to focus in on your own work and its position relevant to the broader scholarship. By making clear reference to existing work you can demonstrate explicitly the specific contribution you are making to move the field forward. You can identify a gap in the existing scholarship and explain how you are addressing it and moving understanding forward.
Elaborate on the rationale of your paper. Once you have framed your work within a broader context you can elaborate more fully on the rationale of your research and its particular strengths and importance. The rationale should clearly and concisely indicate the value of your paper and its contribution to the field.
For example, if you are writing a scientific paper you could stress the merits of the experimental approach or models you have used. Stress what is novel in your research and the significance of your new approach, but don't give too much detail in the introduction.
State your research questions. Once you have indicated where your research sits in the field and the general rationale for your paper, you can specify the research questions the paper addresses. The literature review and rationale frames your research and introduces your research question. This question should be developed fluently from the earlier parts of the introduction and shouldn't come as a surprise to the reader. An example of a research question could be "what were the consequences of the North American Free Trade Agreement on the Mexican export economy?
A good research question should shape a problem into a testable hypothesis. After you have specified your research questions you need to give a clear and concise articulation of your hypothesis, or your thesis statement.
This is a statement which indicates your essay will make a specific contribution and have a clear result rather than just covering a broader topic. If possible try to avoid using the word "hypothesis" and rather make this implicit in your writing. In a scientific paper, giving a clear one-sentence overview of your results and their relation to your hypothesis makes the information clear and accessible.
Outline the structure of your paper. In some cases the final part of an introduction to a research paper will be a few lines that provide an overview of the structure of the body of the paper. This is not always necessary and you should pay attention to the writing conventions in your discipline. In a natural sciences paper, for example, there is a fairly rigid structure which you will be following. Sample Research Introduction for Humanities.
Sample Research Introduction Starters. There's no official word count for an introduction but brevity is the soul of clarity. Do a sentence to get the reader interested in your topic and a sentence to state your thesis.
You also want to include a few sentences briefly outlining the important points in the paper and some background information, if necessary. Write at least five to eight clear, concise sentences. Get to the point and don't make it too wordy.
Not Helpful 13 Helpful I want to write an introduction on my research; the topic is carbohydrates. How can I do this? Carbohydrates are one of the three macronutrients in our diet fat and protein being the others.
They exist in many forms and are mainly found in starchy foods such as bread, pasta, and rice, as well as in some beverages, e. Carbohydrates represent the most important source of energy for the body, and are vital for a varied and balanced diet. Not Helpful 21 Helpful Start with "I am so and so, here to present this" and not "My name is so and so.
Not Helpful 24 Helpful How would I write a research introduction about addiction to online gaming? Explain how online gaming has become a daily activity for many people and how it becomes addictive.
Outline the basic points of the research you plan to present in the rest of your paper without getting into specifics. Not Helpful 16 Helpful How do I write a research introduction on the high school drop out rate? Start with a statistic and work from there. This is often an effective way of getting the attention of your reader:.
This introduction has set off the paper with an interesting quote and makes the reader want to continue reading. Notice how this introduction also helps frame the paper.
Another common method of opening a paper is to provide a startling statistic or fact. This approach is most useful in essays that relate to current issues, rather than English or scientific essays.
The reader is given an interesting statistic to chew on the fact that so many children smoke while you set up your paper. Now your reader is expecting to read an essay on cigarette advertising laws. Here, the reader is introduced to the piece of text that will be analyzed, the author, and the essay topic. The previous sample introduction contains a general sentence at the beginning that bring up a very broad topic: From there, the introductory paragraph whittles down to something more specific: Don't want to cite by hand?
The introduction paragraph or perhaps even a few paragraphs are usually placed at the beginning of the research paper to accomplish this task. Moreover, all that you write in the inception should attract the attention of the reader.
How to write introductory paragraph for research paper. The writing of the research paper is a multi-aspect process. Because this type of academic assignment consists of several parts. If you fail to complete one of the levels, you will fail the whole paper. Introduction is not a literal beginning. As you know, the hardest part is just to begin the paper.
An introduction gives the reader an idea of where you are going in your project so they can follow along. You can give them more background details and supporting evidence for . Creating an effective and engaging introductory paragraph is one of the keys to writing a successful research essay. The introduction should guide readers into your research, providing just enough information so that they are prepared to move on to the rest of the paper.
Essays - largest database of quality sample essays and research papers on Introduction Paragraph Generator. The outline is a short paragraph, which consists of 3 or 4 sentences and represents your plan of the entire paper. You can also look for some research paper introduction example to grab some ideas. writing research papers introduction is not that challenging if you follow the guide. But sometimes even the smartest students fail in.